Panic attack may not be a serious psychological problem; however, it can be very disturbing and if it is not overcome effectively, its effect can be very dangerous. This psychological disorder can have many causes. Stress is the most prevalent one. People who have ever experienced a tremendous event in their life, such as divorce, death of loved one, losing job, or being exposed to distressing situations, such as drowning, are more likely to suffer anxiety attack. Besides stress, other potential causes of this disorder include illness, especially the one affecting heart and lung; pregnancy; medications, especially antidepressants; brain with low level of serotonin and gamma-aminobutyric acid; genes; and withdrawal from particular addictive substances.
Panic Attack Symptoms
Some people are quite aware that they are suffering this disorder; some others, on the other hand, are not quite aware about their psychological problem until their anxiety becomes very severe. If you want to be a cautious person, you have to know about panic attack symptoms so that you can do the right thing at the right time when anxiety attacks you. Panic attack has a number of physical and psychological symptoms. Physical symptoms of this disorder include dizziness, chest pain, shaking, accelerated heart rate, sweating, trembling, and abdominal pain. Those physical symptoms usually occur less frequently than the psychological symptoms of panic attack do. Therefore, it is very important that you focus on understanding those psychological symptoms, which include feeling of unreality, feeling of choking or smothering, feeling of going insane or losing control of yourself, and feeling of impending death.
Panic Attack vs Phobia
If you try to study those panic attack symptoms in adults, you can easily be aware that those symptoms are similar to those of phobia. You should know that panic attack is not similar to phobia. Although both disorders have quite similar symptoms, they are still two different disorders. Unlike phobia symptoms, which occur only when the sufferer encounters the feared object or situation, panic attack symptoms occur unexpectedly. It suddenly occurs without any known causes. This is the reason why you should beware more of panic attack than of phobia because the former may surprise you with its sudden occurrence.
How to Overcome Panic Attack
Panic attack can be treated by using various treatments. If you consult a doctor, he may prescribe you to consume a particular benzodiazepine, such as Xanax and Valium. If you consult a therapist or psychiatrist, he may carry out psychotherapy to help you overcome your anxiety. There are also drugs that can be used to overcome panic attack symptoms chest pain and other physical symptoms that this disorder causes. Cognitive-behavioral therapy, a type of psychotherapy, has been proven effective to overcome panic attack and other similar psychological disorders. The most effective way to escape from the shackles of this disorder is by encouraging yourself to use its own power to deal with anxiety.